Фінансова енциклопедія


1 A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И І К Н О П Р С Т У Ф Ц Ч Э



Independence Standards Board (eng)


The Independence Standards Board (ISB) was established in May 1997 as a result of discussions between the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The various securities laws enacted by Congress and administered by the SEC recognize that the integrity and credibility of the financial reporting process for public companies depends, in large part, on auditors remaining independent from their audit clients. The operating policies of the ISB are designed to permit timely, thorough, and open study of issues involving auditor independence and to encourage broad public participation in the process of establishing and improving independence standards. The mission of the ISB is to establish independence standards applicable to audits of public entities in order to serve the public interest and to protect and promote investors’ confidence in the securities markets. ISB STRUCTURE The ISB is a board of eight members, supported by an Independence Issues Committee, an executive director, and other support staff. The ISB operates as an independent body, funded by the AICPA SEC Practice Section of its Division of CPA Firms (SECPS). Accordingly, the ISB has authority to make public statements on matters relating to the subject of auditor independence in connection with audits of public entities without clearance from the SECPS or the AICPA board of directors. ISB board members serve on a parttime basis. Four are public members, three are senior partners of SECPS member firms, and one is the president of the AICPA or the president’s designee. Public members are supposed to be prominent individuals of high integrity and reputation who understand the importance of investor protection, the U.S. capital markets, and the accounting profession. The appointment of the initial board was made by the SECPS Executive Committee after consultation with the SEC and the president of the AICPA. The terms of the board members are staggered and may be of varied lengths. Following the appointment of the initial board, successor public members will be nominated for three-year terms by the existing public members of the board. New members from SECPS member firms will be nominated for three-year terms by the SECPS Executive Committee subject to the approval of the AICPA’s board of directors. The entire board will elect replacement members from those slates of nominees. The board selects its own chairperson from among the four public members. ROLE OF CHAIR The chair of the ISB serves a three-year term. The chair has powers and responsibilities relating to the appointment and supervision of personnel at the ISB, the distribution of work among such personnel, and the use and expenditure of funds by the ISB within the budget constraints approved by the ISB. The chair also has the authority to establish and appoint persons to task forces following approval by the ISB and after consultation with the executive director and others. The chair provides the leadership in identifying the pronouncements the ISB will issue, including, if necessary and appropriate, the authority, hierarchy, and exposure process for each pronouncement. All proposed standards will be exposed for public comment for a minimum of thirty days. ISB STAFF The ISB has a full-time executive director and, as necessary or appropriate, other full-time professional and administrative staff. The ISB staff fields telephone and other inquiries concerning independence issues in the manner that the board directs and pursuant to policies established by the board. In responding to inquiries, the ISB staff provides informal interpretations or guidance to the inquiring parties. As appropriate, the ISB staff informs the board regarding issues raised in such inquiries that might benefit from more comprehensive consideration by the board and, to the extent delegated or assigned by the board, the Independence Issues Committee (IIC). The ISB and its staff address independence inquiries that arise, and the ISB understands that the SEC will encourage registrants and auditors to look to the ISB and its staff to address such matters. Further, the ISB understands that the SEC staff expects to refer specific independencerelated issues that may arise to the ISB. Absent express ratification by the board, ISB staff interpretations will be considered as applying only to the particular parties directly affected by the interpretation, who may rely on such interpretation. The executive director advises and consults with the AICPA, including its Professional Ethics Executive Committee, as appropriate, on independence issues of interest to the AICPA. A public file on all ISB meetings is kept for public reference and inspection for a reasonable period of time consistent with the public interest in the AICPA library. THE INDEPENDENCE ISSUES COMMITTEE The Independence Issues Committee (IIC) assists the ISB in establishing independence standards through the timely identification and discussion of emerging independence issues within the framework of existing authoritative literature. The IIC also addresses broader interpretative issues, including those that emerge from inquiries fielded by the ISB staff, and communicates its consensus on such issues to the board. The IIC makes publicly available its consensuses and the rationales or bases for such conclusions. The IIC is comprised of nine certified public accountants (CPAs), drawn from SECPS member firms that audit SEC registrants, who are knowledgeable about the existing independence literature and are in positions to be aware of emerging practice issues as they develop. The SECPS Executive Committee nominates the nine members of the IIC, in consultation with and subject to the approval of the ISB. The ISB specifies the terms of the IIC members. The ISB names the chair from the nine members of the IIC. The meetings of the IIC are usually open to the public, but sessions or portions of sessions may be closed to the public if they deal with (1) administrative matters, (2) matters that may cause substantial harm or injury (a rare occurrence), or (3) matters involving or relating to advice of counsel; all such closed sessions must be authorized by the chair or his or her designee, and in no instance can the SEC staff be excluded from these sessions. For the IIC to reach a consensus, at least six IIC members must approve the judgment or determination and no more than two IIC members may oppose it. On reaching a consensus, the IIC will promptly forward the matter to the ISB for ratification. If a majority of the ISB ratifies the consensus, the ISB understands that the SEC will consider such consensus as having substantial authoritative support. PUBLIC HEARINGS The ISB may seek information about independence matters by holding a public hearing. The basis for a public hearing generally will be an exposure draft, although the ISB may also determine to hold a public hearing for any other purpose. Each public hearing will be conducted by one or more members of the ISB or IIC, the executive director, or technical staff pursuant to procedures approved by the ISB for such hearing. The ISB will publicly announce its intent to hold a public hearing at least sixty days prior to the hearing, unless a shorter period (but in no event less than thirty days) is considered appropriate by the ISB, in any manner reasonably designed to inform the public. Any individual or organization may request to be heard at a public hearing, and, to the extent practicable, the ISB will attempt to schedule all those making timely requests. Submission of written comments, a position paper, or an outline of a proposed oral presentation will generally be a condition of being heard. Materials submitted to the ISB in this connection will constitute a part of its public file. More information is available from Independence Standards Board, 6th floor, 1211 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036-8775;(212)596-6133 (telephone); (212)596-6137 (fax);or http://www.cpaindependence.org. (SEE ALSO: American Institute of Certified Public Accountants;Auditing; Securities and Exchange Commission) C. RICHARD BAKER

Fin.org.ua

Інші статті енциклопедії


БАНК З ІНОЗЕМНИМ КАПІТАЛОМ - Bank with foreign capital -
БАНК - Bank - БАНК
БАЗИСНИЙ ПУНКТ - Basis point -
АСОЦІЙОВАНА КОМПАНІЯ - Associated company -
АКТИВНІ ОПЕРАЦІЇ - Asset side operations -
АКТИВИ БАНКІВСЬКІ - Bank’s assets - АКТИВЫ БАНКОВСКИЕ
АКРЕДИТИВ - Letter of credit - АКРЕДИТИВ
Реклама - Advertising - Реклама
Activity-based management -
Achievement motivation theory -
Облікова інформаційна система - Accounting information systems - Учетная информационная система
Accounting: historical perspectives -
Accounting cycle -
Accounting - Бухгалтерский учет
Accounting: conceptual framework -
вертикальный график - Vertical line charting - вертикальное отображение в техническом анализе
Vertical merger - вертикальное слияние
Vertical spread - вертикальный спред
Vested interest - закрепленные законом сложившиеся права
наделение правами - Vesting - передача ценных бумаг


Пошук в Фінансовій енциклопедії


Новини

13:36 - За 5 лет Китай в 5 раз нарастил инвестиции в Украину
12:42 - НКРЭКУ начала публиковать индикативные цены на электроэнергию
12:42 - Юрий Витренко просит Кабмин взять на себя полномочия набсовета “Нафтогаза”
11:48 - Alstom подпишет договор о поставке локомотивов для “Укрзализныци” в октябре
11:48 - Инфляция не 10%, а более 26%. О чем говорит ВВП Украины за второй квартал 2021-го
11:48 - Власти Киева отдали под застройку высотками 7 гектаров земли на Сырце
11:42 - Олексій Чернишов: Ухвалення Програми «Питна вода України» дозволить реалізувати понад 1700 інфраструктурних проектів
10:54 - НБУ выдал двум банкам кредиты рефинансирования на 128 млн гривен
10:54 - Борьба с контрабандой vs контроль над украинцами. Зачем власти большая мобильная “чистка”
10:54 - Глава комитета Рады по свободе слова Нестор Шуфрич стал мажоритарием “Першого Незалежного”
10:00 - Глава Венецианской комиссии попросил показать текст закона об олигархах в последней редакции
10:00 - Больше половины убыточных: почему в Украине проваливаются крупнейшие госпредприятия
09:36 - Оперативна інформація про поширення та профілактику COVID-19
09:06 - Владимир Лановой: С государственными предприятиями уже 15 лет происходит какая-то глупость
09:06 - НБУ увеличил покупку валюты на межбанке до 22,5 млн долларов за неделю
09:06 - Экспорт зерна 2021 года принесет Украине 6 млрд долларов
09:06 - Помочь Путину: как украинские “профес­сионалы” ведут Украину к кризису
08:12 - Супруга заместителя генпрокурора купила элитный Mercedes 20 раз дешевле рынка
07:18 - Мы ожидаем подписания договора на поставку локомотивов для “Укрзализныци” в следующем месяце — директор Alstom в Центральной и Восточной Европе
21:24 - Суд признал банкротом Днепропетровский трубный завод Сергея Таруты
21:24 - Приватбанк предупредил о технических работах в приложении “Приват24” для бизнеса на выходных
21:00 - Очільник Укрдержархіву відвідав Кам`янець-Подільський міський архів
21:00 - Вчителі не можуть бути позбавлені оплати праці під час дистанційного викладання, – Сергій Шкарлет
21:00 - Денис Монастирський провів зустріч з керівниками підрозділів патрульної поліції України
21:00 - Молоді українські фермери матимуть підтримку від держави, – Роман Лещенко
19:36 - Великое увольнение: почему сотрудники уходят все чаще
19:36 - Почему бизнес теряет деньги, обращаясь к услугам консультантов
19:36 - Минрегион пояснил “гиперактивность” ГАСИ в последние дни его работы
19:36 - Десоветизация отменяется. Почему Зеленский решил сохранить 8 марта и 1 мая
18:54 - Мінцифри та МОН розпочинають масштабування онлайн-інструмента SELFIE на всю систему загальної середньої та професійної освіти


Більше новин

Только у нас spc rocko vinyl по очень выгодной цене
ВалютаКурс
Австралійський долар19.3143
Канадський долар20.9624
Юань Женьміньбі4.1188
Куна4.1643
Чеська крона1.228
Данська крона4.1977
Гонконгівський долар3.4219
Форинт0.087443
Індійська рупія0.36133
Рупія0.0018683
Новий ізраїльський шекель8.3249
Єна0.24101
Теньге0.062643
Вона0.022641
Мексиканське песо1.3213
Молдовський лей1.5048
Новозеландський долар18.7002
Норвезька крона3.0947
Російський рубль0.36494
Саудівський ріял7.1029
Сінгапурський долар19.6709
Ренд1.7786
Шведська крона3.0788
Швейцарський франк28.8148
Єгипетський фунт1.6968
Фунт стерлінгів36.4199
Долар США26.6422
Білоруський рубль10.6671
Румунський лей6.3054
Турецька ліра3.0102
СПЗ (спеціальні права запозичення)37.7795
Болгарський лев15.963
Євро31.2153
Злотий6.7802
Алжирський динар0.19876
Така0.31564
Вірменський драм0.054536
Іранський ріал0.0006403
Іракський динар0.01842
Сом0.31751
Ліванський фунт0.017839
Лівійський динар5.9565
Малайзійський ринггіт6.4721
Марокканський дирхам3.0338
Пакистанська рупія0.16116
Донг0.0011797
Бат0.83458
Дирхам ОАЕ7.3218
Туніський динар9.666
Узбецький сум0.0025244
Туркменський новий манат7.6837
Сербський динар0.27071
Азербайджанський манат15.8333
Сомоні2.3743
Ларі8.6472
Бразильський реал5.2007
Золото46578.03
Срібло598.18
Платина26121.34
Паладій52502.72

Курси валют, встановлені НБУ на: 27.09.2021

ТікерOpenMaxMinCloseVolume
AAPL41094109410941094109.00

Дані за 24.09.2021